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Male Sexually Transmitted Diseases treatment

What are common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Males?

STDs or STI’s (sexually transmitted infections) are infections that can be transferred from one person to another through any type of sexual contact.   These involve the transmission of a disease-causing microorganism from another person to another during sexual activity. It is important to realize that sexual contact includes more than just sexual intercourse (vaginal and anal). Sexual contact includes sexual intercourse through the vagina or anus, kissing, oral-genital contact, and the use of sexual apparatus or “toys,” ex. vibrators.

Gonorrhea

The disease remains the second most commonly reported infectious disease caused by the bacteria called gonococcus

Common symptoms of gonorrhea include yellow-green pus discharge or simply spotting of the underwear. Together with the pus from penis urethra there is abnormal frequency and   burning sensation on urination. Symptoms and signs are experienced with 24 to 72 hours after condomless or unprotected intercourse.   Untreated, gonorrhea can lead to epididymitis, a painful swelling and enlargement condition of the testicles that can cause infertility. In women, infection by gonorrhea is a major cause of pelvic or ovary inflammatory disease and may lead to infertility.

Diagnosis is by direct smear of the discharge to isolate the bacteria. A blood test to determine antibodies/antigen is available

Immediate Treatment via combination of oral and injectabe antimicrobials for possible co-infection of Chlamydia.

Chlamydia

The most common reported or consulted infection by men which is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia. Although often  patients have  milder symptoms than gonorrhea but maybe symptomless in men except for yellow-green discharge or spotting in the underwear.,  Symptoms and signs sometimes appear later after 1 week to as long as a month when recognized by the patient.

Chlamydia can similar to gonorrhea cause inflammation of the testicles, prostate and urethra. The consequences for women are more serious. Untreated infections are a leading cause of pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancies, and infertility.

Herpes Simplex

Virus-Infection of the genitalia skin and lining are characterized by painful small vesicles or pustules with a reddish base which may last for two weeks or more until a crust appears. General weakness, muscle pain and fever similar to flu-like symptoms may be an accompanying problem.

The genital ulcer discharge should be smeared for viral testing.

The disease is incurable may recur and linger even after treatment with antiviral tablets and cream may improve localized symptoms and promote faster healing of ulcers..  Patients may be continuously and potentially infective to their partners.
 
 
Human Papillomavirus Virus (HPV)

HPV is known to cause genital warts. The appearance in the genital, anus, skin and lining of small cauliflower like single outgrowths or occurs in clumps point to this viral infection. After condomless penetration this occurs within a week or longer. The exposure to disease Increases the risk of cancers of the penis, anus and rectum in men. What’s more, symptomless men carry the virus and risk giving it to their sexual partners.  Treatment is through removal of the lesions through topical creams, heat by electrocautery and freezing by cryotherapy

A new vaccine has proven remarkably effective in preventing HPV infection. Recommended that the vaccine be routinely given to girls when they are 11 to 12 years old. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendation allows for vaccination of girls beginning at nine years old as well as vaccination of girls and women 13 to 26 years old. That recommendation has sparked controversy, of course.


Syphilis

Characterized through painless ulcers in the genitalia and skin lesions in the trunk and extremities.   The disease may spread and cause complications to other organs such as brain, spinal cord and cardiovascular system. Treatment is through Injectable antibiotics commonly penicillin and its derivatives.


HIV/AIDS

Early signs of HIV/AIDS infection can include common flu-like symptoms, unexplained rashes, fungal infections in the throat, and unusual tiredness. As the disease progresses and the immune system is compromised, cancers and life-threatening infections such as cytomegalovirus can occur. Often, however, early infection with HIV/AIDS has no symptoms. That’s why being tested is so important. If you are sexually active with more than one partner — or have any reason to think you might have been exposed to HIV in the past — go in for screening.

Thanks to the new antiviral medicine “cocktails,” most patients are surviving HIV/AIDS and living active lives. But the drugs have unpleasant side effects, such as muscle wasting. And the disease can still be lethal..
 
The A B C’S recommendations of STD Prevention.
 
The best recommendation is exclusively on abstinence and monogamy in marriage.
 
“ABC.” A is for “abstinence.” B is for “be faithful.” C is for “condom.” S is for “screening tests.”

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